Some people consider Buddhism to be a religion. Others consider it to be a philosophy. Personally I consider Buddhism to be general science (general multidisciplinary principles). And I’m going to prove my point of in this article.
Let’s start with the beginning, the concept of multiverse. As you can see this concept is not new and its modern form started to be seriously discussed in science in 1952 by Erwin Schrödinger. And the idea got even more traction being part of M-Theory (a super set of String Theory). There are some implications in this idea: for example in a parallel Universe I haven’t wrote this article because I wrote it in this Universe (all parallel Universes are different and together satisfy every possibility which is allowed by the laws of this Universe). Or in some other parallel Universe a girl named Hayley is my lover because in this Universe she obviously isn’t. If she were I would have probably knew. If she will ever read this article she could get used with the idea.
What does the modern version of multiverse have to do with Buddhism you might ask. Well, in this article you will find the information that a building called The Chaoyang North Pagoda build by the Buddist Huayan school in 1043–1044 has an architecture that suggests the idea of multiverses. Of course the idea of multiverses is probably older than the construction of this building. So roughly we can say that some Buddhists were ahead of theoretical physicists by approximately 909 years. This is something but I’m not done yet.
There is another idea discussed in Buddhism, this time by Buddha himself. The idea that the Universe is contracting and expanding. At this link you will find the words “many eons of cosmic contraction, many eons of cosmic expansion”. This idea was partially proved scientifically in 1922 by Alexander Friedmann. Alexander basically proved that the Universe is expanding. What hasn’t been proven yet is the other part: the contraction of the Universe, or, in other words, the idea that the Universe might contract in the future.
Big Crunch or Big Rip? These are the two main ideas regarding the fate of the Universe. The big crunch scenario suggests that there will be another Big Bang (the idea is inline with the words of Buddha written above). The big rip suggests that everything in the Universe will decay and space will expand towards infinity basically.
Well, I consider the big rip an interesting discussion but not valid in the long run. Because according to Buddhism the Universe is cyclic and dynamic. In my opinion both ideas are correct but not in the same time. I think a big rip happens initially but after a while a big crunch occurs. Unfortunately nobody can settle this at present tense.
Regarding the future of the Universe I am extremely interested in an ancient concept called Eternal Recurrence. My main goal in this life is to acquire sufficient passive income to dedicate the rest of my life into studying this concept. The basic idea of eternal recurrence suggests that you already read this article in the past (the previous cycles) and you will read it again in the future (the future cycles of existence). In my mind it makes sense as long as there is no random phenomena in this Universe and also as long as this Universe is encapsulated (no information – matter and energy leaves this Universe or enters this Universe from other Universes). In other words you have already done what you will do. To somehow express what my crazy mind believes if there is no randomness but there is encapsulation then 2 + 2 always equals 4 (no matter how many times it happens). So a finite and constant amount of information without random interactions would always result in the same phenomena like my life or yours. One of the main issues with this idea is that at present tense there are some phenomena in physics that are considered random. For example radioactive decay. I am under the impression that the kids of the future will laugh about this. Just like I laugh now about the fact that medieval people thought the world was flat. Well, even today we have some people with medieval ideas like the flat Earth. Another important phenomena that is considered random in present tense physics is called quantum fluctuation. I personally consider that these phenomena are seen as random because they are not fully understood. Just like somebody that believes in magic because he can’t figure out how the trick is done.
Sooner or later there will be no more magic left in this Universe because one of the fundamental properties of life (including humans) is evolution.